Abad de Santillán, Diego (1998). “Two Views of ‘Libertarian Communism’: Utopia or Economic Integration.” No Gods No Masters: An Anthology of Anarchism 2. Ed. Daniel Guérin. Trans. Paul Sharkey. Oakland, CA: AK Press. 101-103.

  • <–a previously unpublished letter from Santillán, dated Buenos Aires, July 10, 1965.

– – – (1993). “La conquista de la energía.” Anthropos: Boletín de información y documentación 36: 51-54.

  • <–excerpt from El organismo económico de la revolución, 3rd ed., 221-229.

– – – (1993). “Consejo local de la economía.” Anthropos: Boletín de información y documentación 36: 31-33.

  • <–excerpt from El organismo económico de la revolución, 3rd ed., 167-171 (2nd ed., 161-164).

– – – (1993). “El dinero y el salario.” Anthropos: Boletín de información y documentación 36: 33-36.

  • <–excerpt from Santillán and Lazarte, Reconstrucción social, 205-216.

– – – (1993). “Economía y libertad.” Anthropos: Boletín de información y documentación 36: 43-47.

  • <–excerpt from El organismo económico de la revolución, 3rd ed., 185-197 (2nd ed., 181-194). Originally published in Tiempos Nuevos (Nov. 5, 1934) under the title “Sobre la anarquía y las condiciones económicas.” Trans. as “Economy and Liberty.”

– – – (1993). “La organización profesional de la sociedad, una estructura representativa.” Anthropos: Boletín de información y documentación 36: 126-131.

– – – (1976). El Anarquismo y la revolución en España: escritos 1930-38. Ed. Antonio Elorza. Madrid: Editorial Ayuso.

– – – (1949). “Socialización de la economia española por los sindicatos y colectividades agraias e industrias.” La Campana 80: ??-??.

  • <–Reprinted in Anthropos: Boletín de información y documentación 36 (1993), pp. 92-104.

– – – (1938). El organismo económico de la revolución: cómo vivimos y cómo podríamos vivir en España. 3rd edition.

– – – (1936). El organismo económico de la revolución: cómo vivimos y cómo podríamos vivir en España. 1st edition. Barcelona: Editorial Tierra y libertad. Translated as After the Revolution: Economic Reconstruction in Spain Today by Louis Frank. New York: Greenberg Publisher, Inc.

– – – (1934). “El proceso de la descomposición del mundo capitalista.” Tierra y Libertad 150.

– – – (1934). “Factores de la economía capitalista y condiciones de la economía socializada.” Estudios 125: 71-73.

– – – (1933). La bancarrota del sistema económico y político del capitalismo. Valencia: Biblioteca de Estudios.

– – – (1928). “La Jornada de seis horas.” Suplemento Quincenal de la Protesta 7.281: 183-184.

– – – and Juan Lazarte (1933). Reconstrucción social: nueva edificación económica argentina. Buenos Aires: Ediciones Nervio.

Alaíz, Felipe (1946). Economía Federable. Bordeaux: Tierra y Libertad.

– – – (1937). Por una economía solidaria entre el campo y la ciudad. Barcelona: Oficinas de Propaganda CNT-FAI.

– – – (1935). El problema de la tierra. Reforma agraria y expropiación social. Barcelona: La Revista Blanca.

Acharya, M.P.T. (1951) “How Long Can Capitalism Survive?” The World Scene From the Libertarian Point of View. Chicago, Ill.: Free Society Group of Chicago. 52-56.

– – – (1947). Principles of Non-Violent Economics. Calcutta: International University of Non-Violence.

Anonymous (1968). Ce que pensent les anarchistes sur la révolution et l’organisation de l’économie sur la société future. Anarchisme et marxisme-léninisme [congrès de Carrare]. Toulouse: suppl. à Espoir.

– – – (1935). Le Communisme libertaire. Précis d’économie libertaire. Juan-les-Pins: Éd. du Travailleur libertaire.

Angelini, Francesco, Guido Candela, and Massimiliano Castellani (2018). [WWW] “Governance and Efficiency With and Without Government.” The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis Working Paper 18-18.

Armand, E. (1934). [WWW] “Monnaie.” Encyclopédie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 1624-1626.

Arena, Richard (1995). “French Socialists and the Theories of Value, 1872–1914.” Socialism and Marginalism in Economics. Ed. Ian Steedman. London: Routledge. 188–202.

  • <–Discusses a number of anarchist theorists, including Malon, Reclus, Cornelissen.

Asimakopoulos, John (2013). “Bridging Utopia and Pragmatism to Achieve Direct Economic Democracy.” Anarchist Studies 21.2: 48-73.

Baldelli, Giovanni (1971). Social Anarchism. Chicago: Aldine, Atherton.

  • <–Opening section describes a theory of “ethical capital” — not capitalism somehow made ethical, but the quantity of good will within a community that can be accumulated, “invested,” or lost — with similarities to the sociological notion of “social capital” (at least as defined by sociologists like Robert Putnam, who describes it as the fabric of “trust, norms, and networks . . . facilitating coordinated action”). The second section goes on to build a moral theory about how an economy would have to be organized so as to maximize the production and conservation of ethical capital — i.e., according to norms of justice.

Bejarano, Benigno (1933). “Apuntes: Pánico en la bolsa.” Estudios 113: 45-47.

Berthier, René [a.k.a. Eric Vilain] (2010). L’économie politique ; études proudhonniennes. Paris: Le Monde Libertaire .

– – – (1998). “Crise du travail ou crise du capital?” Les Temps Maudits 2.

– – – (1983). “La question économique” La Rue 33: ??-??.

– – – (1974). “Sur la pensée économique de Proudhon.” Unpublished ms.

Besnard, Pierre (1946). Le Problème des salaires. Paris: Problèmes syndicalistes.

– – – (1934). Le Monde nouveau: son plan, sa constitution, son fonctionnement. [Ed. Lucie Job.] Limoges: CGT-SR.

  • <– A treatise on an anarcho-syndicalist reconstruction of the economy, first serialized in Spanish in Orto.

Bihr, Alain (2006). [WWW] “Aux origines du capitalisme: par delà le fétichisme libéral du marché.” Divergences 4.

  • <–Excerpt from La Préhistoire du capital (Lausanne: Page deux, 2006).

– – – (2008). [WWW] “Les services publics face à la mondialisation néolibérale.” Introduction à la conférence-débat “Les services publics face à la mondialisation néolibérale” organisée par les étudiants de l’université Marc-Bloch de Strasbourg en lutte contre la loi LRU.

  • <–Video of a lecture on “Public Services In the Age of Neoliberal Globalization.”

Birrell, Neil (1995). [WWW] “Land and Liberty in Mexico.” The Raven 30: ??-??.

– – – (1995). “Some Notes For an Anarchist Theory of Trade.” The Raven 8.3.31: 247-261.

Bonaiuti, Mauro (2002). “À propos de l’œuvre de Georgescu-Roegen: Demain, la décroissance.” Réfractions 9: 125-129.

Bonet, Luc (2010). [WWW] “Proudhon–Coase: la propriété de la firme.” Revue internationale de l’économie sociale: Recma 317: 87-92.

  • <– Abstract: “In 1937, Ronald Coase (Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel in 1991) wrote a sensational article onthe nature of the firm, which is characterized by coordination by hierarchy instead of coordination by prices and thus another kind of allocation of resources than what results from market transactions.This ground breaking work in economics at the time, which reduced the real world economy to solely market transactions among agents,gave birth to a new branch of economic theory, the so-called neo-institutionalists, illustrated in particular by the work of Oliver Williamson (‘Nobel Prize in Economics’ in 2009). However, the idea of the firm as a place where resources are allocated by the owner rather than a market of factors of production was one of Proudhon’s main arguments in his critique of capitalist ownership. The issue for our socialist was not the wage as a result of a market transaction but the wage as the result of an allocation decided by the capitalist owner. While Coase highlighted the trade-off between transaction costs and management costs to explain the existence of firms, the greater efficiency of the capitalist form of firm ownership compared with nonprofit forms remains to be demonstrated.”

Bookchin, Murray (1986). Municipalization: Community Ownership of the Economy. Burlington, VT: Green Program Project.

Borsodi, Ralph (1927). The Distribution Age: A Study of the Economy of Modern Distribution. New York: D. Appleton and Co.

– – – (1929). This Ugly Civilization. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Boston Anarchist Drinking Brigade (1998). [WWW] “Anarchist Economics.” Total Liberty 1.3: ??-??.

Breitbart, Myrna, and Maria Dolors Garcia Ramon (1981). “Aproximación a una nueva organizacion del espacio y la economía rural: los colectivos agrarios espanoles.” Metodos y Conceptos en Geografia Rural. Ed. M.D. Garcia Ramon. Barcelona: oikos-tau. 157-170.

Buick, Adam and John Crump (1986). State Capitalism: The Wages System Under New Management. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan.

C.d.L. [Camillo da Lodi, a.k.a. Camillo Berneri] (1920). I problemi della produzione comunista. Firenze: Tip. Peri & Rossi.

Cafiero, Carlo (2005). “Anarchy and Communism.” Anarchism: A Documentary History of Libertarian Ideas. Vol. 1, From Anarchy to Anarchism (300CE to 1939). Montréal: Black Rose Books. 109-114.

Calhoun, Don, and Holley Cantine (1947). “The  Economics of Anarchy: An Exchange.” Retort 3.3: 4-15.

Candela, Guido (2014). Economia, Stato, anarchia: Regole, proprietà e produzione fra dominio e libertà. Milano: Elèuthera.

– – – and Roberto Cellini (2011). “Efficiency and equity in anarchy and other historical social systems: A simple exploratory model.” Economia Politica 28.1: 15-49.

Cardella, Antonio (2009). [WWW] “La vera dinamica del capitalismo.” Rivista Anarchica 39.346 (estate).

Cardona Rosell, Mariano (1937). Aspectos económicos de nuestra revolución. Conferencia en el cine Coliseum de Barcelona el 31 de enero de 1937. Barcelona, Oficinas de Propaganda CNT-FAI.

Carvalho Ferreira, José Maria (2003). “Economia libertária e suas perspectivas.” Revista Utopia 16: 35-51.

Champdor, Alberto. (1934) “La guerra del petróleo: IV.” Estudios 131, p. 28-33.

– – – (1934). “La guerra del petróleo: III.” Estudios 130, p. 07-11.

– – – (1934). “La guerra del petróleo: II.” Estudios 129, p. 20-23.

– – – (1934). “La guerra del petróleo.” Estudios 128: 19-21.

Chazoff, J. (1934). [WWW] “Économie.” Encyclopédie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 627-629.

Civera, Marín (1936). El sindicalismo y la economía actual. Madrid: Martosa.

– – – (1932). “A través de las cifras: Racionalización industrial y hambre crónica.” Estudios 10.103: 4-6.

– – – (1932). “Balance económico del mundo: Plutocracia y sindicalismo.” Estudios 10.102: 08-09.

– – – (1932). “Balance económico del mundo: El hombre y la cifra.” Estudios 10.101: 08-09.

– – – (1932). “A modo de introducción: El sentido humano de la economía.” Orto 1.1: ??-??.

– – – (1932). “Paradoja humana: Hambre y oro.” Estudios 104: 8-9.

– – – (1931). El sindicalismo. Historia. Filosofía. Economía. Valencia: El autor.

– – – (1931). “Riqueza y miseria: El hombre y la máquina.” Estudios 98: 03-04.

– – – (1930). La formación de la economia política. Valencia: Cuad. de Cultura.

CNT (1937). Consejo Local de Economía de Barcelona: Congreso Económico Confederal. S.l., Consejo Local de Economía.

Cohn, Jesse S. (2006). “The Critique of Economy as Representation.” Anarchism and the Crisis of Representation: Hermeneutics, Aesthetics, Politics. Selinsgrove, PA: Susquehanna University Press. 216-229.

Commission transports [Fédération Anarchiste] (1974). Dossier 1 : L’automobile en question.

– – – (1974). Dossier 2 : Transport en commun.

– – – (1974). Dossier 3 : Transports & économie.

Cooper, Bernard (1998). “Struggles Against the MAI — Towards an Anarchist Understanding.” Atlantic Anarchist Circle Newsletter 5: 2-4.

  • <–“Written in consultation with various anarchists in Montréal, notably Jaggi Singh and Patrick Borden.” Proposes, in brief, the outlines of an anti-statist as well as anti-capitalist critique of the Multilateral Agreement on Investments (MAI) and of neoliberal “globalization” in general.

Cornelissen, Christian (1944). Théorie de l’intérêt et de la banque Paris: Lib. générale de droit et de jurisprudence.

  • <–vol. 5 of Traité général de science économique.

– – – (1938). “Agriculture In the Transition Period.” Vanguard 4.5-6: 9-11.

– – – (1935). “Libertarian Communism in the Twentieth Century.” Vanguard 2.3: 5-8.

– – – (1932). Le Communisme libertaire et le régime de transition.

  • <– Trans. in English: Libertarian Communism and the Transitional Regime.
  • <– Trans. in Spanish: El comunismo libertario y el régimen de transición. Trans. Eloy Muñiz. Valencia: Biblioteca Orto.
    <– Contents:
    Presentación, de Chantal López y Omar Cortés.Prólogo, de Christian Cornelissen.Introducción.
    Capítulo I. La producción industrial.Capítulo II. La organización de las industrias bajo la dirección de los sindicatos obreros.

    Capítulo III. ¿Existirá moneda en la sociedad comunista libertaria?

    Capítulo IV. La organización de la agricultura.

    Capítulo V. Justicia y policía en una sociedad comunista libertaria. El derecho comunista libertario.

    Capítulo VI. Las artes y las ciencias. Los deberes del comunismo libertario al respecto.

    Capítulo VII. ¿Existirá un gobierno en una sociedad comunista libertaria?

– – – (1932). “El salario en la sociedad capitalista (II).” Orto 1.7: 416-420.

– – – (1932). “El salario en la sociedad capitalista (I).” Orto 1.6: 333-335.

– – – (1932). “Una guerra internacional futura considerada desde el punto de vista económico.” Orto 1.5: 260-261.

– – – (1932). “La Crisis del capitalismo.” Orto 1.1: 59-61.

– – – (1926-1944). Traité général de science économique. Paris: Giard, coll. Bibliothèque internationale d’économie politique.

  • <– 5 volumes:

    vol. 1: “Théorie de la valeur”
    <– critique of major theories of value (Marx, Rodbertus, Bawerk, Jevons); posits three kinds of value (use, production, and exchange) (see Cornelissen 1913)
    vol. 2: “Théorie du salaire et du travail salarié”
    <– on wages (see Cornelissen 1908)

    vol. 3: “Théorie du capital et du profit”
    <– on the business cycle and economic crises

    vol. 4: “Théorie de la rente foncière et du prix des terres”
    <– on ground rents and land values

    vol. 5: “Théorie de l’intérêt et de la banque” (see Cornelissen 1944)

– – – (1917). Les Conséquences économiques d’une paix allemande. Etampes, Imp. La Semeuse.

– – – (1915). Les Dessous économiques de la guerre [« Les appétits allemands et les devoirs de l’Europe occidentale »]. Paris: Librairie militaire Berger-Levrault.

– – – (1913). Théorie de la valeur, 2nd ed. Paris, Giard et Brière, Bibliothèque internationale d’économie politique. <– See Traité général de science économique vol. 1.

– – – (1910). Le Salaire, ses formes, ses lois. Paris: Éd. Mercure de France.

– – – (1908). Théorie du salaire et du travail salarié. Paris: Giard et Brière.
<–See Traité général de science économique vol. 2.

  • <– From a [WWW] book review by Alvin Johnson in Political Science Quarterly 24.4 (Dec. 1909): 712-715: “The book consists of five parts. The first lays the formulation of the work, with a discussion of labor as a commodity (under capitalism) and of the nature of the wages contract and an historical review of the movement of wages in the nineteenth century. The second part treats of the chief theories of wages, including the wage-fund, the supply and demand, the utilitarian (productivity) and the cost of production theories. The third part analyzes the conditions of labor in the several trades and professions and discusses such problems as the differences in wages between skilled and unskilled occupations, women and children in industry and the sweating system. The fourth part is devoted to a treatment of various special influences affecting the conditions of labor, such as the relation between the wages of industrial laborers and the wages of laborers engaged in agriculture, the piece-work and the time wage systems, prosperity and depression, labor legislation and trade unionism. The fifth part presents the author’s own theory of wages.”

– – – (1906). [WWW] “Exode rural et taux des salaires.” Le Mouvement Socialiste 172: 294-306.

– – – (1904). “L’Application des mathématiques aux sciences sociales.” La Revue des idées 1.12: 643-??.

– – – (1903). [WWW] Théorie de la valeur. Réfutation des théories de Rodbertus, Karl Marx, Stanley Jevons et Boehm-Bawerk. Schleicher Frères, coll. Bibliothèque d’histoire et de sociologie, Paris, 1903, XVIII-413 p. [BNF, IIHS] ; rééd.

– – – (1903). Theorie der waarde. Kritiek op de theorieën van Rodbertus, Karl Marx, Stanley Jevons en von Böhm-Bawerk. Amsterdam: J.W. Becht.

– – – (1900). En marche vers la société nouvelle. Paris: P.-V. Stock.

  • <– Contents:Avant-propos 1Chapitre I. — La « Question Sociale » envisagée comme une lutte de classes essentiellement économique et internationale

    Chapitre II. — De l’Utopie à la Théorie, de la Théorie à la Pratique

    Chapitre III. — Le Communisme comme forme de la Société future

    Chapitre IV. — La route vers le Communisme. — Les organisations ouvrières

    Chapitre V. — En pleine révolution

    Chapitre VI. — Socialisme d’Etat, Parlementarisme

    Chapitre VIL — Influences petites bourgeoises en dehors du parlement. Coopération. Les ouvriers privilégiés

    Chapitre VIII. — Protection de la propriété rurale

    Chapitre IX. — Education révolutionnaire

    Chapitre X. — L’individualisme dans le mouvement ouvrier

    Chapitre XI. — Aperçu à vol d’oiseau

    Chapitre XII. — Conclusion

Creagh, Ronald (2004). “Misère de l’économie, économie de misère.” L’Imagination dérobée. Lyon: Atelier de création libertaire. 159-175.

  • <–Originally in Réfractions (Automne-Hiver 2002): 7-16. Abstract: “Anarchist thought on economy is compared with economics. The latter has failed if one considers its aims. Indeed, making the ‘economy of poverty’ can be understood in two ways: ‘suppressing poverty’ or ‘observing the economy of poor countries.’ Economics is incapable of doing either. By comparison, libertarian ideas don’t form a doctrine. Anarchist theorists and activists obviously challenge such major concepts of economics as property rights and the profit motive; however, their approach to society and social organization has a different and distinct basis. Rather than analyzing the ‘economic whole’ they instead devote their attention to the entire set of social relations.”

Crump, John (1976). A Contribution to the Critique of Marx. London: Social Revolution.

– – – (1995). “Markets, Money and Social Change.” Anarchist Studies 3.1: 69-74.

– – – (2003). Nikkeiren and Japanese Capitalism. London: Routledge.

  • <–“This book provides a history of Nikkeiren (the Japanese Federation of Managers’ Organizations) from its formation in 1948 to its merger with Kiedanren (the Federation of Economic Organizations) in 2002 and an account of postwar capitalists development in Japan. The author challenges the principal interpretations of how the economy functions, revealing a darker side of Japanese capitalism in his examination of the roles played by class power, manipulation and mystification — the purposes of the Nikkeiren.”

– – – (1999). “Reforming Capitalism: The Endless Treadmill.” Anarchist Studies 7.1: 82-85.

Damien, Robert (2001). “Transport ferroviaire et ordre politique: Proudhon, une pensée philosophique des réseaux?” Penser les réseaux. Ed. Daniel Parrochia. Seyssel, France: Champ Vallon. 218-232. <–excellent, insightful reading of Proudhon as an economic thinker of “networks.”

Delaville (1932). “La crisis actual del capitalismo.” Estudios 107: 08-09.

Delfino, Giuseppe (1965). “L’economia dissanguata.” Volontà 18.6: 372-376.

– – – (1964). “Economia e morale.” Volontà 17.6: 363-366.

Delouvrier (1956). “Politique économique de la France.” Noir et Rouge 4: 11-26.

Díaz Naranjo, José Luis (2007). “La Propiedad y la economía.” La Libertad 1.3: 8-12.

Dieudonné, Marcel (1965). Le Néant monétaire. Au service d’une économie libertaire. Saint-Etienne: Éd. de l’Homme libre.

Dillard, Dudley (1942). “Keynes and Proudhon.” Journal of Economic History 2.1: 63-76.

Do, Jean-Louis (2002). “Du SEL au SELT. Du système d’échange local au système d’échange local au temps.” Réfractions 9: 69-75.

  • <–“SEL” = “Systeme d’Echange Local,” a trading system inspired by Michael Linton’s Local Exchange Trading System (LETS). Abstract: “Is it possible to reject the dominant model at the local level? In 1994 the first SEL (Local Exchange System) in France was created. Very quickly the limits of this alternative became evident. The local participants tended to engage in the same habits of domination that one finds in the commercial sphere. In Lodève (Department of Hérault), a town in the south of France, a SELT (Local Time Exchange System) was established that attempted to go further in the search for viable local alternatives. Taking into account the limitations of the SEL, the SELT attempted to create a system of value based on time that would avoid the reproduction of inequalities. This experiment allowed the participants to go beyond the logic of the SEL and to redefine economic and social relations at the local level. Is it possible that such new forms of realizing economic and social potential at the local level are the only effective means of fighting against the effects of globalization?”

Fábregas Llauró, Juan P.[orqueras] (1937). Los factores económicos de la Revolución Española. Conferencia pronunciada en el cine Coliseum de Barcelona el 14 de marzo de 1937. Barcelona: Oficinas de Propaganda CNT-FAI.

– – – (1937). Els factors económics de la revolució, proleg d’en Gonzal de Reparaz. Barcelona: Bosch.

– – – (1937). Les finances de la Revolució. Barcelona: Bosch, 1937.

– – – (1937). Las finanzas de la revolución. Conferencia en Valencia…, 25 de marzo de 1937. Valencia, s.n.

Farbman, M[ichael S]. (1931). El esfuerzo ruso. La revolución agraria. Ed. M.Civera. Valencia: “Orto”.

Faure, Sébastien, ed. (1934). “Déterminisme économique.” Encyclopédie anarchiste. Paris: Librairie internationale. 554.

Ferreira, Nathalie (2012. “The Credit and the Exchanges: The Contribution of P.J. Proudhon to the Social Currencies.” Economics Bulletin 32.1: 1-13.

– – – (2011). “Crédit et monnaie sociale chez PJ Proudhon (1809-1865).” Revue de philosophie économique 12.1: 91-116.

– – – (2010). “De la réforme du système monétaire à la monnaie sociale: l’apport théorique de PJ Proudhon (1809-1865).” L’Actualité économique 86.2: 205-225.

– – – (2006). “La monnaie ‘sociale’: l’apport théorique de PJ Proudhon [1809-1865] et l’expérience du réseau global de troc en Argentine.” Innovations 2.24: 41-58.

– – – (2005). Economie sociale et autogestion: Entre utopie et réalité. Paris: L’Harmattan.

– – – (2000). “La reconnaissance de l’autogestion aujourd’hui comme composante de l’économie sociale et comme élément pour une nouvelle analyse économique de l’entreprise.” Nouvelles pratiques sociales 13.2: 181-192.

Fromentin, Alfred (1917). Réorganisation scientifique des rapports politiques et économiques des nations. Genève: Imp. A. Kundig.

Gandini, Jean-Jacques (2002). “Actualité de la pensée de François Partant.” Réfractions 9: 115-118.

  • <–On theories of economic development.

Ganivet, Pierre [a.k.a. Achille Dauphin-Meunier] (1933). “Los bancos cooperativos.” Orto 2.16: 1020-1021.

  • <– French economist; evolved from anarcho-syndicalism through syndicalism to Catholicism.

– – – (1933). “La Banca y la economía nacional (III).” Orto 2.15: 964-970.

– – – (1933). “La Banca y la economía nacional (II).” Orto 2.13: 832-836.

– – – (1933). “La Banca y la economía nacional.” Orto 2.2: 772-775.

– – – (1933). “El sistema bancario y financiero de la U.R.S.S.” Orto 2.1: 700-704.

– – – (1932). “La subversión de la economía alemana (II).” Orto 1.10: 611-618.

– – – (1932). “La subversión de la economía alemana (I).” Orto 1.8: 405-411.

García González, Tomás (1932). “El problema hullero en España.” Estudios 112: 44.

Gastoni, Marco (2009-2010). “L’Economia partecipativa in pillole.” Rivista Anarchica 39.349 (dicembre-gennaio).

  • <–on Michael Albert’s “Parecon.”

– – – (2009). “La sfida anarchica all’economia.” Rivista Anarchica 39.348 (novembre).

George, William H. (1922). “Proudhon and Economic Federalism.” Journal of Political Economy 30: ??-??.

Gide, Charles (1919). Cours d’économie politique. Tome 1. Paris: Librairie de la Société du Recueil Sirey.

  • <–Note: Gide (1847-1932) was a Christian socialist and a friend of Léon Walras; however, as a proponent of cooperatives, he also fell into the orbit occupied by anarchists of his time, e.g., in the Universités Populaires.

– – – (1919). Cours d’économie politique. Tome 2. Paris: Librairie de la Société du Recueil Sirey.

– – – (2002). Les modes socialistes. Paris: Groupe Maurice-Joyeux.

  • <–Previously published in La Rue 16 (1973), published by the Groupe Louise-Michel.

– – – (1931). Principes d’économie politique. Paris: Librairie du Recueil Sirey.

– – – and Charles Rist (1948). A History of Economic Doctrines from the Time of the Physiocrats to the Present Day. Boston: D.C. Heath.

Gilet, Bernard (2002). “Un exemple d’alternative: les SEL.” Réfractions 9: 63-67.

  • <–“SEL” = “Systeme d’Echange Local,” a trading system inspired by Michael Linton’s Local Exchange Trading System (LETS). Abstract: “When they were created in 1994 the French SEL’s appeared to be a significant economic and social alternative. However, despite their rapid development over the past eight years, their record seems unimpressive. There is no doubt that they play an important role socially by strengthening social ties that have been disintegrating. On the other hand they have remained marginal economically, concerning themselves with recycling products, while initiating few if any specific forms of production of their own. Despite this weakness, they have wholeheartedly enlisted in the struggle against global capitalism.”

Giornal, José (2002). “Défaire le développement, refaire le monde.” Réfractions 9: 119-122.

  • <–Abstract: “Survey of the Colloquium ‘Défaire le développement Refaire le monde,’ on the destructive character of the dominant model of economic development on third world countries in particular and the possible alternatives offered, held at the UNESCO in Paris (Feb/March 2002) at the initiative of La Ligne d’horizon and the Monde diplomatique. It appears that Western aid programs, financial or other tend to disrupt local systems of resistance and self-reliance, simple ‘poverty’ regressing into a state of material, social and cultural destitution. Subsequently a new awareness is called for.”

Giroud, Gabriel [a.k.a. G. Hardy] (1904). Population et subsistances. Essai d’arithmétique économique. Paris: C. Reinwald.

Gobron, Gabriel (1937). Jean Peuple bâtit la Cité. Les principes de la nouvelle économie sociale à base distributive. Paris: La Brochure mensuelle.

González-Blanco, Pedro (1931). La tierra de España y la reforma agraria. Valencia: L. Morote.

Goodman, Paul and Percival (1960). Communitas: Means of Livelihood and Ways of Life. New York: Vintage Books.

Goodman, Percival (1977). The Double E. Garden City, N.Y.: Anchor Press.

  • <–as in “economy” and “ecology.”

Goujon, G. (1934). “Monnaie.” Encyclopédie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 1623-1624.

Graeber, David (2018). Bullshit Jobs: A Theory. New York: Simon & Schuster.

  • <– Among other things, an exploration of the knotty questions around the “social value” of labor and the changing nature of work under advanced capitalism…

– – – (2014). “On the Moral Grounds of Economic Relations: a Maussian Approach.” Journal of Classical Sociology 14.1 : 65-77.

– – – (2013). “It Is Value That Brings Universes Into Being.” HAU: Journal of Ethnographic Theory 3.2: 219-243.

– – – (2012). Debt: The First 5000 Years. Penguin UK.

– – – (2012). “On Social Currencies and Human Economies: Some Notes on the Violence of Equivalence.” Social Anthropology 20.4: 411-428.

– – – (2012). “Of Flying Cars and the Declining Rate of Profit.” The Baffler 19: 66-84.

– – – (2011). “Debt, Violence, and Impersonal Markets: Polanyian Meditations.” Market and Society: the Great Transformation Today. Ed. Chris Hann and Keith Hart. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 106-132.

– – – (2011). “Consumption.” Current Anthropology 52.4: 489-511.

– – – (2009). “Neoliberalism: Or the Bureaucratization of the World.” The Insecure American: How We Got Here and What We Should Do About It. Ed. Hugh Gusterson and Catherine Besteman. Berkeley: University of California Press. 79-96.

– – – (2006). “Turning Modes of Production Inside Out: Or, Why Capitalism Is a Transformation of Slavery.” Critique of Anthropology 26.1: 61-85.

– – – (1996). “Beads and Money: Notes Toward a Theory of Wealth and Power.” American Ethnologist 23.1: 4-24.

– – – (2001). Toward an Anthropological Theory of Value the False Coin of Our Own Dreams. New York: Palgrave.

– – – (2000). “Give It Away.” In These Times 24.19: ??-??.

– – – and Thomas Piketty (2014). “Soak the Rich: An exchange on capital, debt, and the future.” The Baffler 25: 148-154.

Grave, Jean (1895). La Société future. Paris: P.V. Stock.

  • Chapter VI: “L’Outillage mécanique.”
  • Chapter XIV: “La valeur.”
  • Chapter XV: “La Mesure de la valeur et les commissions de statistique.”
  • Chapter XVII: “Les Services publics.”
  • Chapter XIX: “Le Libre choix des travaux.”
  • Chapter XX: “Communisme et anarchie.”

Groupe Louise-Michel [Fédération Anarchiste] (2002). Zéro euro, zéro fraude. Transports gratuits pour toutes et tous. Oléron-Bruxelles: Editions du Monde libertaire-Alternative libertaire.

Guillen, Abraham (1963). 25 años de economía franquista; análisis económico de un régimen. Buenos Aires, Editorial Periplo.

– – – (n.d.). Anarchist Economics: An Alternative for a World in Crisis. Trans. Richard Cleminson & Ron Marsden. Johannesburg: Zabalaza Books.

– – – (1972). La caida del dolar: el derrumbe del F.M.I. Montevideo: Aconcagua.

– – – (1967). El dilema económico de América Latina. Montevideo: Nativa Libros.

– – – (1990). Economía autogestionaria. Madrid: Fundación de Estudios Libertarios A. Lorenzo.

– – – (1962). El imperialismo del dólar, América Latina: revolución o alienación. Buenos Aires: A. Peña Lillo.

– – – (1956). Monopolios y latifundios contra la economía argentina, como salir de la crisis estructural. Buenos Aires, Comisión Nacional de Homenaje a Lisandro de la Torre.

– – – (1969). El neo-imperialismo de la URSS : el Kremlim [sic] hace en el COMECON lo que los yanquis en el FMI. Montevideo: Ediciones Provincias Unidas.

– – – (1957). La oligarquía y el imperialismo: dos males de la economía argentina. Buenos Aires: Comisión Nacional de Homenaje a Lisandro de la Torre.

– – – (1970). Pesca industrial y desarrollo económico; el mar: riqueza virgen del Uruguay. Montevideo: Universidad del Trabajo del Uruguay, Departamento de Documentación e Información.

– – – (n.d.). Principles of Libertarian Economy. Trans. Jeff Stein. Johannesburg: Zabalaza Books.

– – – (1972). Socialismo de autogestión; de la utopia a la realidad. Montevideo, Editorial Aconcagua.

Hall, B. N. (1975). “The Economic Theories of Stephen Pearl Andrews: Neglected Utopian Writer.” South African Journal of Economics 43.1: 45-55.

Hallam, Roger (1990). Anarchist Economics: Building Successful Social Alternatives. Birmingham, UK: s.n.

Hiper, A. (1936). “Ojeada sobre Economía y Finanzas Argentinas.” Nervio 4.45: 18-20.

Horizonte, E. (1933). “Montaje y ajuste de la nueva economía de la sociedad libre: I. Características de nuestra revolución.” Estudios 114: 31-35.

– – – (1933). “Montaje y ajuste de la nueva economía en la sociedad libre.” Estudios 121: 34-37.

– – – (1933). “Montaje y ajuste de la nueva economía en la sociedad libre: VI. Verdaderos peligros que hay que prevenir.” Estudios 120: 10-13.

– – – (1933). “Montaje y ajuste de la nueva economía en la sociedad libre: VI. Dificultades imaginarias.” Estudios 119: 25-27.

– – – (1933). “Montaje y ajuste de la nueva economía en la sociedad libre: V. Dificultades imaginarias.” Estudios 118: 20-23.

– – – (1933). “Montaje y ajuste de la nueva economía en la sociedad libre: IV. Subversión de problemas.” Estudios 117: 15-18.

– – – (1933). “Montaje y ajuste de la nueva economía de la sociedad libre: III. Las normas generales del reajuste.” Estudios 116: 21-25.

– – – (1933). “Montaje y ajuste de la nueva economía de la sociedad libre: II. Al día siguiente de la revolución.” Estudios 115: 12-15.

Humbert, Eugenio (1933). “¿Superproducción?, no, !Subconsumición!” Estudios 124: 25-27.

Illich, Ivan (1981). Shadow Work. Boston: M. Boyars.

  • <–Critique of conventional economics from a feminist standpoint.

– – – (1978) The Right to Useful Unemployment and Its Professional Enemies. London: Marion Boyars.

– – – (1978). Toward a History of Needs. New York: Pantheon Books.

– – – (1974). Energy and Equity. New York: Harper & Row.

  • <–Not necessarily anarchist, but certainly a decentralist socialist perspective, influential for many anarchists in the 1970s and 1980s.

– – – (1973). Retooling Society. Cuernavaca: Centro Intercultural de Documentacion.

– – – (1973). Tools for Conviviality. New York: Harper & Row.

– – – et al (1977). Disabling Professions. London: Marion Boyars.

Instituto de Ciencias Económicas y de la Autogestión (2009). “Anarquismo y economía: Entrevista al ICEA.” Libertario 56: 14.

Juan Pastor, J. (1932). “Preparando el porvenir: La bancarrota económica del capitalismo.” Estudios 104: 13-15.

Karmin, Otto (1911). Tableaux chronologiques pour servir à l’étude de l’histoire des systèmes économiques et socialistes de 1500 à 1886. Paris: Lib. Rivière.

Kropotkin, Peter (1996). Fields, Factories, and Workshops. Montréal: Black Rose Books.

Knowles, Rob (2004). Political Economy from Below: Economic Thought in Communitarian Anarchism, 1840-1914. London: Routledge.

Komadina, Céline Geffroy (2002). “L’économie participative à Huancarani, une communauté bolivienne.” Réfractions 9: 91-100.

  • <–Online at [WWW] . Abstract: “‘The poor person has nothing. He is an orphan.’ Poverty is not only material; it is also symbolic. The poor person is not only someone who has very little or nothing ; but just as much someone who has no one. In the context of an economy of reciprocity, the poor person is someone who cannot make use of the labor power of his kin, who cannot depend on his own, and whose access to various resources is therefore restricted. In pre-Colombian society, in which there was no circulation of money and in which agricultural life required the massive participation of families, the poor person was someone who did not have the benefit of close family ties, who did not have kin at his disposal. In short, the orphan embodied the very image of poverty. Today, the ubiquity of the market economy today complicates the situation and introduces new aspects to the problematic: for example, the need for money in order to have access to goods sold on the market rather than produced by the community.”

Lacerda de Moura, María (1933). “El problema económico.” Estudios 114: 36-37.

Lachosme, Dominique (2013). Abolir le chômage. En finir avec l’emploi. Lyon: Atelier de création libertaire,

– – – (2016). Pour une démocratie économique [« En finir avec les actionnaires et les banquiers »]. Lyon: Atelier de création libertaire, coll. Critique de l’économie.

Landauer, Gustav (1986). “Das Petroleum-Weltmonopol.” Signatur: g.l.: Gustav Landauer im “Sozialist”: Aufsätze über Kultur, Politik und Utopie (1892-1899). Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. 148-152.

  • <–Originally in Der Sozialist, Sept. 29, 1895.

– – – (1986). “Referat über Eugen Dührings Kursus der National- und Sozial-Ökonomie.” Signatur: g.l.: Gustav Landauer im “Sozialist”: Aufsätze über Kultur, Politik und Utopie (1892-1899). Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp. 89-96.

  • <–Originally in Der Sozialist, Aug. 27, 1892.

Langlois, Jacques (2007). [WWW] “Banque et mondialisation.” Divergences 7.

– – – (2008). [WWW] “Connards de chômeurs.” Divergences 11.

  • <–(English: roughly, “The Lazy-Bastard Unemployed.”)

– – – (2007). [WWW] “Dette des pays du Tiers-Monde (PTM) et mondialisation financière.” Divergences 6.

– – – (2007). [WWW] “Droit et mondialisation.” Divergences 7.

– – – (2006). [WWW] “Fiches de documentation.” Divergences 4.

– – – (2008). [WWW] “La folie des subprimes: ou la folie spéculative.” Divergences 11.

– – – (2007). [WWW] “Le Groupe Carlyle.” Divergences 5.

– – – (2008). [WWW] “Les LBO: le vol organisé.” Divergences 11. <–(English: “LBOs: Organized Theft.” LBO stands for “Leveraged Buy Out.”)

– – – (2008). [WWW] “Lexique de la finance en crise.” Divergences 11.

– – – (2001). Le libéralisme totalitaire: Ou de la réduction uniforme et universelle de toute vie sociale à l’économisme et à l’individualisme au nom de la liberté. Paris: L’Harmattan.

– – – (2007). [WWW] “Mondialisation et électricité.” Divergences 5.

– – – (2007). [WWW] “Mondialisation et paradis fiscaux.” Divergences 5.

– – – (2006). [WWW] “La Phynance.” Divergences 2.

– – – (2006). [WWW] “Un art politique: les statistiques.”

Lanza, Luciano (2003). “Ajustar as contas com a Economia.” Utopia 16: 15-24.

  • <– Appears to be published as “Fare i conti con l’economia” in Libertaria 2: ??-??.

– – – (2001). [WWW] “Bref voyage dans l’économie qui n’existe pas.” Réfractions 7: ??-??.

– – – (2009). [WWW] “Cura di Stato per la crisi economica.” Rivista Anarchica 39.345 (giugno).

– – – (1996). “Il mito economia.” Volontà 49.3-4: 230-241.

– – – (1989). “Utopia, dominio, economia.” Utopia e Modernità: Teorie e prassi utopiche nell’èta moderna e postmoderna. Ed. Giuseppa Saccaro Del Buffa and Arthur O. Lewis. 2 vols. Roma: Gangemi editore. 1.225-36.

– – – (1986). “Domination and ‘the Economic.'” Thinking As Anarchists: Selected Writings from Volontà. Ed. April Retter et al. Milano: Centro Studi Libertari. ??-??.

– – – (1986). “Beyond the Economic: Starting Points for a Utopian Conception of Economics.” Thinking As Anarchists: Selected Writings from Volontà. Ed. April Retter et al. Milano: Centro Studi Libertari. ??-??.

– – – (1984). “Il dominio e l’economia.” Volontà 38.1: 13-23.

– – – (1983). “Letture – Economia: una scienza in crisi.” Volontà 37.2: 45-48.

– – – (1983). “Dibattito: economia e anarchismo.” Volontà 37.2: 114-116.

– – – (1982). “L’economia dal dominio alla libertà.” Volontà 36.3: 78-96.

– – – (1981). “Al di là dell’economia.” Volontà 35.3: 45-61.

– – – (1979). [WWW] “Autogestione ed economia.” Interrogations 17-18: 107-134.

– – – (1975). “Elementi tecnoburocratici dell’economia fascista.” Interrogations 5: 59-86.

  • <–Abstract: “Fascism (and nazism) are the subject of many writings but, so far, the tnterpretattons that have been given are unsatisfactory. When they are not simply confined to comments about its brutality or its myths («fascism is barbarian», «fascism is irrational»), judgments about fascism generally are varieties of the main theme: «a counter-revolutionary tool of the bourgeoisie». All that may be quite true and convincing, it is not conclusive: fascism is not all that, only. “An unprejudiced examination of fascist political economy, i.e. of the «structures» that system has adopted, invalidates those current interpretations. The author of the present essay endeavors to explain the true class nature of fascism. He analyses its fundamental patterns and drifts by referring to Italy but also to Nazi Germany and comes to the conclusion that between the two World Wars fascism was one of the political expressions of a rising new class: techno-bureaucracy. Beyond the violent and folklorist patterns which characterize fascism, one finds that it shares essential factors in common with other political forms of the same phenomenon (such as Social Democracy and the New Deal). These factors reveal it to be an ideology and a transitional stage in the historical phase of capitalistic decline and in the growth of a new form of domination and exploitation. “The author does not deny that large scale capital has allied with fascism, but he makes it plain that precisely it was an alliance — not a subordination. When the numerous and ever-growing forms of intervention of the fascist State in the economy are studied systematically, the conclusion forces itself that fascism embodied enough non-capitalist or even squarely anticapitalistic elements not to be identified with the bourgeoisie. Indeed, just as the statist system of participation starts with the rescue of capitalistic enterprises in trouble and ends wtth their expropriation, in a more general way the new technobureaucratic class (which manifests itself in certain periods and in certain geo-political conditions of fascism) started by being used as the counter-revolutionary tool for the rescue of capitalistic crisis, and then showed a more or less conscious tendency to become instrumental in the progressive expropriation of the bourgeoisie from its economic power in favor of new masters. “Besides this key interpretation, the autnor briefly deals with various aspects of fascist ideology, the relations between the regime and the middle classes and the manipulation of public opinion.”

Latouche, Serge (2002). “Le marché, l’agora et l’acropole. Se réapproprier le marché.” Réfractions 9: 17-26. <–Online at [WWW] . Abstract: “An escape from the economy requires a challenge to its domination of the rest of life, both in theory and in practice, and above all its domination of our own minds.This obviously implies the rejection and supersession of private ownership of the means of production and the unlimited accumulation of capital. This must in turn result in an end to development, since its foundational myths – specifically those of growth and progress – will have disappeared.The economy will enter a period of both contraction and decline.The construction of a more just society will require a rebirth of conviviality and the establishment of forms of production that are more limited quantitatively but more far-reaching qualitatively. Today we encounter such madness as the enormous waste involved in the transport of people and products across the planet, the resulting environmental devastation, the useless hype of advertising, and the proliferation of throwaway products and those with increasingly shorter life spans. All of this has no rationale other than making the infernal mega-machine operate at an ever more rapid pace, and therefore offers considerable potential for the future reduction of material consumption. The only effective way to attack our standard of living is by creating a higher level of well-being.”

Laurat, Lucien (1932). “La construcción racional en la economia.” Orto 1.2: 65-69.

  • <–A Marxist economist who collaborated in the anarchist review Orto in the 1930s.

– – – (1931). La economía soviética. Trans. Salvador Quemades. Madrid: M. Aguilar.

Lazarte, Juan (1934). Socializacion de la medicina: estructurando una nueva sanidad. Buenos Aires: IMAN.

Leval, Gaston [a.k.a. Pedro R. Piller] (1959). Pratique du socialisme libertaire. Genève: Groupe socialiste libertaire.

– – – (1959). Libertarian Socialism: A Practical Outline. Translation of Pratique du socialisme libertaire.

– – – (1951) “Anarchism and Agriculture.” The World Scene From the Libertarian Point of View. Chicago, Ill.: Free Society Group of Chicago. 58-63.

– – – (1949). La rivoluzione sociale in Italia. Milan: Edizione de “Il Libertario”.

  • <– A detailed outline of an Italian economy reconstructed along syndicalist lines.

– – – (1937). Nuestro programa de reconstrucción: Conferencia pronunciada en el cine coliseum de Barcelona, el dia 10 de Enero de 1937. Barcelona: Oficinas de Propaganda CNT-FAI.

– – – (1936). “El caso económico del mundo.” Estudios 158: 13-15.

– – – (1936). “Costo de la crisis.” Estudios 155: 11-13.

– – – (1935). Conceptos económicos en el socialismo libertario. Buenos Aires: Imán.

– – – (1934). “Lo que cuesta el Estado: Conclusión.”Estudios 133: 33-34.

– – – (1934). “Lo que cuesta el Estado: III: Los recursos del Estado.” Estudios 132: 18.

– – – (1934). “Lo que cuesta el Estado: II.” Estudios 131: 08-10.

– – – (1934). “Lo que cuesta el Estado: I.” Estudios 130: 11-14.

– – – (1932). “El criterio económico.” Nervio 1.12: 4-12.

– – – (1931). Problemas economicos de la revolución social española. Barcelona: Liberación.

  • <–Other editions: Rosario, Talleres Gráficos Pomponio (1932); Valencia, Estudios, (1932).

– – – (1933). “La unidad y la crisis económica del mundo.” Estudios 115: 03-05.

– – – (1949). [Writing as Pierre Robert Piller] “La distribuzione (V): tecnica della distribuzione socializzata.” Volontà 4.5: 313-316.

– – – (1949). [Writing as Pierre Robert Piller] “La distribuzione (III).” Volontà 4.3: 183-185.

– – – (1949). [Writing as Pierre Robert Piller] “La distribuzione (II).” Volontà 4.2: 113-117.

– – – (1949). [Writing as Pierre Robert Piller] “La distribuzione (I).” Volontà 4.1: 33-37.

Lindenfeld, Frank (1997). “Economics for Anarchists.” Review of Whole Life Economics by Barbara Brandt, Invested in the Common Good by Susan Meeker-Lowry, Time Dollars by Edgar Cahn and Jonathan Rowe, and New Money for Healthy Communities by Thomas H. Greco, Jr. Social Anarchism 23: 23-28.

– – – (1994). Review of Looking Forward: Participatory Economics for the Twenty-First Century by Michael Albert and Robin Hahel. Social Anarchism 19: 80-84.

Llena, Claude (2002). “Économie populaire, laboratoire de la post-modernité ou forme ultime du capitalisme?” Réfractions 9: 35-47.

  • <–Abstract: “The enforced globalization of the planet has marginalized a large segment of the population that has consequently resorted to participation in the informal economy as a means of insuring its survival. Such economic activity operates outside the concepts of efficiency and rationality and the administrative and fiscal regulation of the dominant model. It thus appears to be a natural recourse for the victims of maldevelopment. Does such activity circumvent the State through a rejection of its model of distribution? Does it promote forms of organization independent of the market and marketing, by showing that one can provide for one’s own needs? In other words, does it constitute an economic network that offers an autonomizing alternative, no longer founded on a rationality of economic efficiency but rather on reason? Will this alternative be capable of changing the quality of the relationships of production at the most basic level? Moreover, can it be looked upon as a laboratory in which the participants use their experience to create a self-organization of production and consumption that circumvents both the State and market mechanisms? Or rather, is the market economy strong enough to tolerate and even co-opt structures of production that are organized into a kind of parallel market that seeks to eliminate State regulation?”

López Sánchez, Juan (193-?). Cómo organizará el sindicato a la sociedad. El poder económico… Barcelona: Ediciones Populares.

Louzon, Robert (2014). Cent ans de capitalisme en Algérie. Histoire de la conquête coloniale. La Bussière: Acratie.

– – – (1925). L’Économie capitaliste. Principes d’économie politique. Paris: Librairie du travail.

Malon, Benoît (1876). La question sociale: Histoire critique de l’économie politique. Lugano: Ajani e Berra.

  • <– Malon’s political identity shifted considerably, but at the time he wrote this, he was still closely aligned with the Bakuninist faction of the sundered First International and lived among the exiled Communards.

Marchand, Alain (2002). “Improbable économie solidaire.” Réfractions 9: 27-34.

  • <–Abstract: “A social economy based on solidarity is invoked constantly in the quest for social transformation and the search for social alternatives. In its popularized version, this concept is also called upon to restore meaning to economic activity. It seeks to reweave the torn social fabric, reestablish the democratic project, and revive an active, citizenship at the most basic level. But isn’t this attempt to create a new basis for the economic, the political and the social going to get lost in the shuffle at a time when powerful institutions such as multinationals, banks, and pension funds are also expressing ethical concerns?”

Markland, Dave (2006). [WWW] “The Spanish Anarchists, Through a Participatory Lens.” Vancouver Participatory Economics Collective.

Martin, Brian (2001). [WWW] “Nonviolent Alternatives to Capitalism.” Nonviolence versus Capitalism. London: War Resisters’ International. 79-103.

Martínez, Miguel (1913). “La procreación limitada y consciente y el problema económico.” Salud y Fuerza 55: ??-??.

Martínez Rízo, Alfonso (1933). “La energía eléctrica en España.” Estudios 113: 49-50.

– – – (1932). “La jornada de trabajo en el porvenir comunista libertario (II). Orto 1.4: 230-231.

– – – (1932). “La jornada de trabajo en el porvenir comunista libertario (I). Orto 1.3: 156-161.

Matéos, Georges (2002). “L’expérience historique des Bourses du travail.” Réfractions 9: 49-62.

  • <–Online at [WWW] . Abstract: “After an introductory dialogue between three people about the French presidential elections, an historical (and theoretical) explanation is offered about the anarchist (political) abstention, which dates from the beginnings of the 3d Republic and was linked to the (economic) alternative of the Bourses du travail. A cursory view of the Bourses creative effort is presented. This is followed by a brief analysis of the causes of its cessation. The conclusion compares the harmfulness of past and contemporary left politicians. The appendix refers to the subversive imagination in order to suggest the indispensable myth for the 21st century.”

Maurepas, Lucien (2002). “L’économie informelle en Haïti: entre domination, créativité et utopie.” Réfractions 9: 101-113.

  • <–Online at [WWW] . Abstract: “The Haitian informal economy is developing within a society undergoing rapid transformation and pervasive urbanization resulting from an exodus from rural areas over the past twenty years. This economy reflects the nature of contemporary Haitian society and its modes of political, social and economic organization. Since its independence in 1804, this society has never been able to establish a sound model of political development or social equity.The system of production has always promoted exploitation, domination, and exclusion. Thus, the participants in the informal sector work at once for their own survival and for the circumventing of these social conditions. However, they often run up against forces that support the market, notably, the various agencies of the state.Moreover, hate and violence often characterize the relations between social and economic agents. The informal sector is subject to many pressures and uncertainties, and it develops only with increasing difficulty.”

McKay, Iain (2017). “Proudhon’s Constituted Value and the Myth of Labour Notes.” Anarchist Studies 25.1: 32-67.

  • <– Abstract: “Karl Marx’s The Poverty of Philosophy has played a key role in associating Pierre-Joseph Proudhon with the idea of labour-time money. This article challenges this account by demonstrating that Marx not only failed to prove his assertion but that he also ignored substantial evidence against it. Proudhon’s ‘constituted value’ is explained and linked to other key ideas in System of Economic Contradictions which Marx ignores.”

– – – (2012). Review of Theodore A. Burczak, Socialism After Hayek. Anarchist Studies 20.2: 113-115.

– – – (2012). Review of Frederic S. Lee and Jon Bekken (eds), Radical Economics and Labor: Essays inspired by the IWW Centennial. Anarchist Studies 20.2: 115-117.

Mella, Ricardo (1945). El colectivismo: sus fundamentos cientificos. Argel: Ediciones Libertarias Africa del Norte.

Merlino, Francisco Saverio (1922). “Appunti di economia: Le Tasse.” Pagine Libertarie 2.5: 143-144.

– – – (1922). “Appunti di economia: La gloria del lavoro – Il credito.” Pagine Libertarie 2.3: 75-76.

– – – (1922). “Appunti di economia: Lavoro e prodotto,” Pagine Libertarie 2.2: 57-58.

– – – (1922). “Appunti di economia: Monopolii della Finanza.” Pagine Libertarie 2.1: 23-24.

– – – (1921). “Appunti di economia: Teoria del Monopolio.” Pagine Libertarie 1.11: 233-234.

– – – (1906). Socialismo o monopolismo? Saggio critico del sistema economico vigente. Dati scientifici del socialismo. Schizzo d’un ordinamento comunistico-anarchico. Confutazione delle obiezioni in voga contro il socialismo. Roma: “Il Pensiero”.

  • <– Contents:
    Introduzione – Un conto che non torna – La presente condizione dell’ operaio – Società leonina – Punti d’interrogazione – Spiegazioni necessarie
    I. Il passato del Monopolio – Comunanza primitiva di beni – Origine, progresso e svincolo del monopolio – Schiavitù, servitù e salariato – Ricapitolazione
    II. Il Monopolio nell’ Economia moderna – Esistenza de’monopolii nell’Economia at-
    tuale a mezzo delle « coalizioni industriali » – Monopolii delle produzioni (Manifatture: Cotone, Carbone, « Standard Oil Company », Grano, monopoli
    varii – Agricoltura e allevamento del bestiame) – Monopolii del trasporto ecc.
    (Ferrovie, Navigazione, Telegrafi, Vari) – Monopolii della Finanza (Borsa e
    III. Continuazione – ll monopolio del credito. Il monopolio del mercato (il colono,
    l’artigiano, il nemico comune) – Il monopolio del bilancio dello Stato. Protezionismo e libero scambio
    I. La teoria del monopolio – Il monopolio ha origine da sfruttamento del lavoro, e mette capo a sfruttamento del lavoro – I beni, a’ quali si attacca il monopolio, sono tutte le cose di cui si ha bisogno per la produzione – Rendita, profitto ed interesse
    II. Fallacie degli economisti – Teoria fisiocratica e teoria di Carey e Bastiat – L’ultra-produttività del lavoro – Il risparmio (S. Mill.)–I dritti acquisiti–Il dissidio economico non si compone che fuori l’ attuale organamento della produzione e
    III. Continuazione – Smith ed altri – Ricardo e i ricardiani – La forma di amministrazione del patrimonio (Schäffle) – ll possesso individuale e i suoi limiti.
    lV. Colpe del monopolio – Danni del monopolio : parallelo tra l’industriale e l’agricolo – Incompatibilità del monopolio col progresso economico – L’equivalenza
    dei lavori è conseguenza naturale dell’ abolizione del monopolio e la legge fondamentale della futura Economia.
    I. Profili d’un possibile organamento socialistico
    II. Obiezioni in voga contro il socialismo – (Dispareri e discordie fra’ socialisti – Collettivismo e Comunismo – Socialismo autoritario e socialismo anarchico – Necessità o meno d’un Governo – Ricapitolazione).
    III. Continuazione — (Della libertà individuale nelle sue varie manifestazioni: se il
    Socialismo le torni funesto – Se il Socialismo sopprima lo stimolo al lavoro
    in generale o ad alcune specie di lavori – lavori pesanti, lavoro intellettuale).
    IV. Contro-obiezioni – (Pretesa incontentabilità de’ socialisti–Critica delle mezze
    misure e de’palliativi: dritto al lavoro, garentia della sussistenza, minimo di
    salario e massimo di opulenza, tassa progressiva, abolizione dell’eredità coltivazione delle terre incolte, proprietà coltivatrice, tassa sulla vendita e nazionalizzazione della terra, scioperi, liberismo e protezionismo, le leggi sulle
    abitazioni operaie, le leggi sugl’infortunii del lavoro, istruzione popolare,
    suffragio universale, partecipazione e profitti. Cooperativa – Asserta inattuabilità del Socialismo).
    L’evoluzione sociale

– – – (1890). “Le caractère pratique de l’Anarchisme.” Journal des économistes 5.49.2: 230-237.

– – – (1889). “L’Integration économique: exposé des doctrines anarchistes.” Journal des économistes 4.48.12: 377-390.

  • <– Calls for “The economic integration of man, who is at present fragmentary or incomplete, either master or slave, mind or muscle, by combining the qualities of both producer and consumer in every single person, by making the tools and means of production available to all the workers”; “The intellectual integration of the working people by uniting material and intellectual, industrial and agricultural work by means of a variety of occupations, so that all the human faculties may be activated (intensive cultivation of the human being)”; and “The moral integration of man; satisfaction of all his moral and material needs; liberty and lack of coercion of the individual; security of life; complete development of life for all human beings.” Published in Italian translation as L’integrazione economica (Esposizione delle dottrine anarchiche) (Grosseto: “Etruria,” 1902), then as chapter 1 of Concezione critica del socialismo libertario, ed. A. Venturini and Pier Carlo Masini (Firenze: La Nuova Italia, 1957), which incorporates “Il carattere pratico dell’anarchismo” (Merlino 1890) as well as a response from Gustave de Molinari and Merlino’s reply to Molinari.

– – – (1888). Manualetto di scienza economica ad uso degli operai. Firenze: Tip. G. Campolmi.

Mignard, Patrick (2006). [WWW] “L’ ‘hérésie marchande.'” Divergences 2.

  • <–On the hypocrisy of corporate hysteria over “counterfeiting” of brands.

– – – (2006). [WWW] “Les habits fripés de l’antiliberalisme.” Divergences 2.

  • <–(English: “Antiliberalism’s Borrowed Clothes.”) Attacks the “antiliberal” stance popular on the left (i.e., opposition to laissez-faire or “liberal” trade policies) as tough-sounding but actually vague and co-opted.

Milstein, Oscar (1959). “La orientación totalitaria de la economía argentina.” Reconstruir 2.3: 6-11.

Minard, A. (1932). “Teoria de las crisis.” Orto 1.1: 55-58.

Mintz, Frank (1992). “El pensamiento de Santillán sobre la transformación económica revolucionaria, la guerra civil y la violencia.” Anthropos 138: 23-44.

Molinari, Ettore [a.k.a. Hector Molinari] (1934). Les Deux Voies. Facteurs économiques du succès de la révolution sociale. Paris: Groupe de propagande par la brochure.

  • <–Original Italian: “I fattori economici pel successo della rivoluzione sociale” in Contro la monarchia (with Errico Malatesta’s “Le due vie”). Luigi Fabbri praised this work highly.

Moltó Moltó, Salomé, and José Peirats Valls (1986). Una nueva economía: socialización y colectividades Alcoyanas 1936-1939. [S.l.]: Gráficas Papallona.

Nedelcovic, Bosco (1963). “Towards a Do-It-Yourself Economy.” Anarchy 30: 243-250.

Noja Ruiz, Higinio (1938). Los Consejos de Economía Confederal. Valencia: Consejo Levante Economia Conf.

– – – (1936). Control y colectivización. Valencia: Federación Local de Sindicatos Únicos (Imp. Ed. Guerri Colectivizada).

– – – (1936). “Los consejos de economía.” Estudios 159: 2-3.

– – – (1933). “Hacia una nueva organización económica de la sociedad: Perspectivas.” Estudios 114: 03-07.

– – – (1933). “Hacia una nueva organización económica de la sociedad: La ley de la necesidad.” Estudios 113: 04-08.

– – – (1932). “Hacia una nueva organización económica de la sociedad: Medios.” Estudios 112: 3-6.

– – – (1932). “Hacia una nueva organización económica de la sociedad: Organización.” Estudios 111: 04-07.

– – – (1932). “Hacia una nueva organización económica de la sociedad: Paréntesis.” Estudios 110: 3-6.

– – – (1932). “Hacia una nueva organización económica de la sociedad: Las posibilidades en España.” Estudios 109: 3-6.

– – – (1932). “Hacia una nueva organización económica de la sociedad: Posibilidades.” Estudios 108: 3-6.

– – – (1932). “Hacia una nueva organización económica de la sociedad: Reformismo y Comunismo.” Estudios 107: 3-6.

– – – (1932). “Hacia una nueva organización económica de la sociedad: Ideas sobre el capitalismo y su quiebra.” Estudios 106: 3-6.

– – – (1932). Hacia una nueva organización económica de la sociedad: Prolegómeno. Estudios 105: 3-6.

Orobón Fernández, Valeriano, and Achille Dauphin-Meunier [a.k.a. Pierre Ganivet] (1933). Bases de una economía anarco-comunista. Valencia: Bibl. Social Revolucionaria.

Palomo, Emilio (1930). El uso y abuso de la tierra. Valencia: E. Vich.

  • <–A study of global and Spanish agriculture.

Paniagua Fuentes, Xavier (1979). Educación y economía en el sindicalismo de Marín Civera. Valencia: Instituto del Instituto de Ciencias de la Educación.

Papi, Andrea (2008-2009). [WWW] “Il capitalismo può cambiare di segno ma non cambia di senso.” Rivista Anarchica 38.340 (dicembre 2008-gennaio).

– – – (2009-2010). [WWW] “La finanza ci regala la sua crisi.” Rivista Anarchica 39.349 (dicembre-gennaio).

– – – (2009). [WWW] “False speranze o risposta radicale.” Rivista Anarchica 39.345 (giugno).

Pataud, Émile, and Émile Pouget (1913). Syndicalism and the Co-operative Commonwealth: How We Shall Bring About the Revolution. Trans. Charlotte and Frederic Charles. Oxford, UK: The New International Publishing Co.

Paton, Keith (1970). “Work and Surplus.” Anarchy 118: 365-389.

  • <– Seems to anticipate the arguments of “zeroworkers” and of David Graeber’s Bullshit Jobs: A Theory… E.g., on p. 366: “How to define ‘socially necessary labour’? The Lords and Dukes thought retainers in fancy uniforms were absolutely, vital. The classical economists pointed out that they were only feudally necessary, i.e. to maintain the remnants of a dispensable power system: But somebody like a patents office clerk — now there was a really useful job! But Marx pointed out that he was only capitalistically-necessary; from the standpoint of socialism patents offices are futile rubbish…”

Patsouras, Louis (2004). Thorstein Veblen and the American Way of Life. Montréal: Black Rose Books.

  • <–Declares that “Veblen’s thought is clearly in the anarchist tradition”!

Pengam, Alain (1987). “Anarcho-Communism.” Non-Market Socialism in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Ed. Maximilien Rubel and John Crump. New York: St. Martin’s Press. 60-83.

Pierrot, Marc (1907). Travail et surmenage. Paris: Maison des Fédérations, Bibliothèques économiques et syndicalistes.

  • <–Republished 1911 via Publ. des Temps nouveaux.

Prats y Beltrán, Alardo (1932). “El plan de la nueva economía.” Estudios 104: 4-5.

Prieto, Ruben (2002). “Une autre économie dans une autre société.” Trans. Danièle Haas. Réfractions 9: 81-90.

  • <–Online at [WWW] . Abstract: “‘Returning to the texts,’ Ruben Prieto offers us an analysis of the forty-five years of life of the Community of the South in Uruguay. Since its beginnings, which were initiated by a radical critique, its continuation in political exile in Sweden, and its present resettlement, it has developed a cubist viewpoint and attempted to actualise an anticipation of the desired society.This self-managed, communitarian and libertarian project is strongly constrained by an always more demanding economic and social context.The members of the Community of the South acknowledge that a true emancipation is impossible and they are therefore compelled to accept responsibility for the consequences.”

Proudhon, Pierre-Joseph (1989). The General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century. Trans. John Beverly Robinson. London: Pluto Press. <–Excellent introduction by Robert Graham. Available in facsimile form online at [WWW] .

– – – (1850). Gratuité du crédit: Discussion entre M. Fr. Bastiat et M. Proudhon. Paris: Librairie du Guillaumin et Cie. <–Available in full view at Google Books: [WWW] . Translations of Proudhon’s side of the correspondence available online at [WWW] .

– – – (1857). Manuel du spéculateur à la Bourse. Paris, Garnier frères. <–PDF format version available online at Gallica: [WWW]

– – – (1979). The Principle of Federation. Trans. Richard Vernon. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

– – – (1927). Proudhon’s Solution of the Social Problem. Ed. Henry Cohen. New York: Vanguard Press.

– – – (1969). Selected Writings. Ed. by Stewart Edwards. Trans. by Elizabeth Fraser. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books.

– – – (1888). System of Economical Contradictions; or, The Philosophy of Misery. Trans. Benjamin R. Tucker. Boston, Mass.: B.R. Tucker. <–Note, e.g. in section 5.2.2, the critiques of “free” trade and competition. Available online in facsimile format at [WWW] .

– – – (1861). Théorie de l’impôt: question mise au concours par le Conseil d’état du canton de Vaud en 1860. Paris: E. Dentu.

– – – (1866). Théorie de la propriété. Paris: A. Lacroix, Verboekhoven et ie.

– – – (1970). What is Property? An Inquiry into the Principle of Right and of Government. Trans. Benjamin R. Tucker. New York: Dover. <–1876 edition available in full view at Google Books: [WWW] .

Puente, Isaac (2001). Libertarian Communism. Tuscon, AZ: See Sharp Press.

  • <–Summary: “Part One (Countering Prejudice) spells out his understanding of libertarian communism (a society organised without a State and private property rights, to be achieved on the basis of the trade union and free municipality, bodies seen as representing, respectively, the collectivist and the individualist outlooks) and takes the line that the worst feature of society is slavery of which poverty is symptomatic, making the State therefore worse than exploitative capitalism, even if both are the two great blights upon human existence; He also brings out how man aspires to meet his economic needs and remain free, on which basis we reject the communism of the barracks or the herd. That established, Puente proceeds to demolish a series of prejudices commonly held by people (such as regarding capitalism’s crisis as a passing phenomenon, taking libertarian communism to be a simplistic solution such as the ignorant might devise, the belief in the necessity for an intellectual vanguard, crediting anarchism with holding the arts, culture and science in contempt, the inability to frame a new society, giving knowledge the priority over experience, the belief in political leaders and role of politicians as intermediaries).”Part Two (Economic Organisation of Society) plainly contrasts ‘political organisation’ with ‘trade union organisation’ and champions the latter as the one ready to take all society’s wealth into common ownership and to communise the obligation upon every individual to contribute to production insofar as his strength or aptitudes allow. He states that everything not an economic activity or function will remain a matter for individual preference. Among the features he detects in trade union organisation (and contrasts against the political) are: hierarchy from the bottom up, uniform status of all producers, assemblyism, the freedom of every collectivity to look to its own activities and affairs, the transfer of initiative to trades organisations as the realisation of democracy and federalism..”Part Three (Wealth and Labour) points out the unfairness implicit in the distribution of wealth and work.”Part Four (Our Country’s Economic Potential) shows that the country does have the potential to survive – he offers a brief break-down of the national economy – in the event of an international boycott, should libertarian communism succeed. He is also confident that the country could stand up to a possible invasion by capitalist powers.”Part Five (‘Realisation’ of libertarian communism) tackles the question of implementing libertarian communism in country and city; in the case of the cities, he finds the solution to be the activation of the free municipality or commune, governed by its assembly and holding property in common ownership (private property would be acceptable as ‘the usufruct of what every person needs for his consumption and diversion’). In cities, the axis would be the local federation of trade unions, the sovereignty of which is derived from the assemblies of producers. He also states that economic compulsion forces the individual into cooperation, but that such compulsion ought never to come from some supreme committee (the seed-bed of authoritarianism and bureaucracy); he also holds that national industrial federations are appropriate.”In his Conclusion, he writes that economic compulsion is the cement holding society together and that it should be the only compulsion wielded by the collectivity over the individual; all other activities (cultural, artistic, scientific) should remain beyond the control of the collectivity and in the hands of those groups disposed to pursue and encourage them. It is precisely in those pursuits unconnected with the necessity to work that Puente sees the germ of a new society, the one praised and propagated by anarchism, Once it manages to meet society’s needs, it will render the economic supervision exercised by organisations over individuals quite redundant.”

– – – (1935). “Economía animal, doméstica y social.” Estudios 137: 41-43.

– – – (1933). El comunismo anárquico. La sociedad del porvenir. Barcelona: Amor y Voluntad, 1933.

– – – (1933). El comunismo libertario. Santander: Juventud Sindicalista.

– – – (1933). Independencia económica, Libertad y Soberanía individual. Barcelona: Rojo y Negro.

  • <–Republished with a prologue by J. Peirats: Vitoria, Asociación Isaac Puente, 1981.

– – – (1932). Apuntes sobre el comunismo libertario. Barcelona: Bibl. de Tierra y Libertad

– – – (1932). El comunismo libertario. Sus posibilidades de realización en España. Valencia: Bibl. de Estudios.

– – – (1931). “Racionalización e industrialización.” Estudios 98: 13-15.

Ramus, Pierre [Rudolf Grossmann] (1919). Die Irrlehre und Wissenschaftslosigkeit des Marxismus im Bereich des Sozialismus. Wien-Klosterneuburg: Verlag “Erkenntnis und Befreiung”.

  • <– A critique of Marxist theory. Contents:

Zur Einführung:
Sozialdemokratie und Marxismus. Seite 1—10

Ursache und Wirkung kulturgeschichtlicher Ereignisse. — Der Verrat der sozialdemokratischen Führer im Weltkrieg. — Bestimmendes Prinzip im Tun der Sozialdemokratie: Marxismus. — Sozialdemokratie und Kapitalismus stehen und fallen zusammen. — Der Zweck dieses Buches. — Lebensdauer von Dogmen und deren Ueberwindung.

I. Teil. Das philosophische Fäulnisfundament des Marxismus. Seite 11—38

Philosophische Auffassung des gesellschaftlichen Entwicklungsprozesses durch den Marxismus. — Das unhistorische und antitheologische Prinzip des Sozialismus. — Anerkennung des Bestehenden: Grundelement der marxistisch-philosophischen Auffassung. — Der Hegelianismus als philosophisches Fäulnisfundament des Marxismus. — Der philosophische Geist Englands und Frankreichs einerseits und Deutschlands andererseits. — Kant und Kantismus. — Biographische Skizze über Hegel. — Marx’ historische Leistung. — Die dialektische Methode. — Kurze Analyse der Hauptwerke Hegels, denen der Marxismus entstammt.

II. Teil. Die materialistische Geschichtsauffassung. Seite 39-64

Problemstellung. — Naturwissenschaftlicher und historischer Materialismus. — Marx’ eigene Formulierung der materialistischen Geschichtsauffassung. — Materielle Bedürfnisse und Produktionstechnik. — Kritische Prüfung. — Hegels dialektische Seele. — Marxismus und Geschichtsmaterialismus dialektisch, daher unwissenschaftlich. — Engels und die materialistische Geschichtsauffassung. — Menschliche Vernunft und materielle Außenwelt. — Morgans Stellung. — Selbstwiderlegung durch Engels (1890 und 1894). — F. Müller-Lyers synthetische Auffassung des Problems.

III. Teil. Das antisozialistische Element im „Kommunistischen Manifest” und Marxismus. Seite 65—102

Marx als Kommunist. — Kritische Analyse des „Kommunistischen Manifest”.— Klassenkämpfe. — Entwicklung der Bourgeoisie. — Die Handelskrisen. — Entstehung des Proletariats. — Die Bourgeoisie produziert ihre eigenen Totengräber. — Der autoritäre Kommunismus; Diktatur und Demokratie. — Konstruktive Verwirklichung des autoritären Kommunismus. — Staatssozialismus immer Staatskapitalismus. — Abhängigkeit der Produzenten vom Staat. — Diktatur nur vorläufige Etappe? — Kritik der praktischen Maßregeln der „Diktatur des Proletariats.” — Vierwerfßöhkeit des Marxschen Zwangsstaates. — „K. M.” lehrt Pseudo-Kommunismus. — Völlige Ablehnung des autoritären Kommunismus.

IV. Teil. Die nationalökonomischen Irrlehren des Marxismus. Seite 105—161

1. Nationalökonomie und Marxismus.
Nationalökonomie und Sozialismus. — Politische Oekonomie und Adam Smith. — Marx Einverleibung des Sozialismus in die Nationalökonomie. — Chronologische Darstellung des Lebenswerkes von Marx als Sozialist und Nationalökonom an Hand seiner Schriften. Seite 103—112

2. Der fundamentale Irrtum im „Kapital”.
Ursprung des Kapitals. — Geld und Kapital. — Besitz von
Produktionsmitteln an sich noch keine Ausbeutungsmöglichkeit. — Staat und Monopol. Seite 112—117

3. Die Marx’sche Metaphysik vom „freien” Arbeiter.
Historische Berechtigung des Kapitalismus. — Käufer und Verkäufer der Ware Arbeitskraft „ebenbürtige Warenbesitzer”. Seite 117—119

4. Das Wertproblem.
Realer Wert einer Ware. — Werttheorie und Marxismus. — Marx’ eigene Definition. — Die „gesellschaftlich notwendige Arbeitszeit”. — Nutzlosigkeit der ganzen Werttheorie. — Der reale Wert im Kapitalismus. — Ueber- oder Unterproduklion? — Die Wertlehre als Rechtfertigung des Kapitalismus. — Ihre Sinnlosigkeit für den Kommunismus. Seite 120—130

5. Die Lehre vom Mehrwert.
Das Problem der Ausbeutung laut dem Saint-Simonismus. — Marx’ Definition. — Zustandekommen des A\ehrwertes. — Engels Definition. — Mehrwert und Arbeitszeit. — Unzulänglichkeit der Mehrwertlehre. — Ihre unlogische Folgerung. — Zusammenfassung ihrer Thesen. — Ihre Nutzlosigkeit für die soziale Rechtsidee des Kommunismus. — per wahre Urgrund und die Urmaterie der Ausbeutung. — Ricardo und die Mehrwertlehre. — Mehrwert und Ethik. Seite 131—151

6. Marx’ Selbstwiderspruche in der Darlegung der gesetzlichen Verkürzung des Arbeitetages.
Geschichtliches. — Der Kampf der englischen Arbeiter um die Arbeitszeitverkürzung. — Die Arbeiterschutzgesetze; „parlamentarische Prellerei”. — Marx Unlogik. — Der soziale Kampf des Proletariats um die Verkürzung der Arbeitszeit. Seite 151—161

V. Teil. Die Marx’schen Zusammenbruchsfaktoren der kapitalistischen Produktionsweise. Seite 162—202

Das angeblich Sozialistische in Marx’ Theorie. — Das Trügerische der angeblich zum Sozialismus geleitenden Zusammenbruchsfaktoren. — Umwertung derselben. Seite 162—16*

a) Das Wesen der kapitalistischen Akkumulation. S. 161—171

b) Die Konzentrations- und Zentralisationstendenz. S. 171—177

c) Der Untergang des Mittelstandes und die Selbstvertileungskrieg der Kapitalisten. S. 177—189

d) Das Versagen des Marxismus auf dem Produktionsgebete der Agrikultur. S. 189—195

e) Die Krisen. S. 195-S02

VI. Teil. Die Verneinung des Marxismus. Seite 203—215

1. Die anarchistische Selbstwiderlegung des nationalökonomischen Marxismus. S. 203—210

2. Die Abkehr vom Marxismus als erste Vorbedingung eines Neubeginnes des Sozialismus. S. 210—215

Bibliographische Uebersicht über die literarische Laufbahn und Tätigkeit des Verfassers. Seite 215—216

READ [Réseau européen pour l’après-développement] (2002). “Manifeste du Réseau européen pour l’après-développement.” Réfractions 9: 123-124.

“Révolution écologique ou catastrophisme industriel.” Réfractions 9: 77-79.

Richards, Alex (1988). “Eclipse and Re-Emergence of the New Economic Movement.” Here & Now 6: ??-??.

Richards, Vernon, ed. (a.k.a. Vero Recchioni) (1983). Why Work?: Arguments for the Leisure Society. London: Freedom Press.

  • <–See especially Richards’s own contribution, “Production For Use Versus Production For Profit,” a collection of short pieces on economics from 1958-1962 (pp. 155-210).

Rico y Rico, Marcelino (1933). Tierra, trabajo, capital y privilegio. Estudios elementales de economía política y de moral social. Barcelona, Maucci.

Rocker, Rudolf (1952). “Krieg und Wirtschaft.” Die freie Gesellschaft 3. 29: 157-160.

  • <– English: “War and Economics.” Reprinted in Rocker, Aufsatzsammlung Band 2, 1949-1953 (Frankfurt am Main: Verlag Freie Gesellschaft, 1980) 56-60.

– – – (1937). El nacionalismo, vol. 3: Economía sin capitalismo y Sociedad sin Estado. Barcelona: Tierra y Libertad.

– – – (1928). “La lucha por el mercado mundial.” Suplemento Quincenal de la Protesta 7.281: 176-177.

– – – (1928). “¿Nos acerca la racionalización al socialismo?” Suplemento Quincenal de la Protesta 7.280: 146-148.

– – – (1928). “Cuestiones económicas.” Suplemento Quincenal de la Protesta 7.279: 104-106.

– – – (1928). “La racionalización en otras industrias alemanas.” Suplemento Quincenal de la Protesta 7.278: 74-77.

– – – (1928). “La racionalización en la industria alemana del hierro y del acero.” Suplemento Quincenal de la Protesta 7.277: 50-53.

– – – (1928). “El Nuevo capitalismo.” Almanaque de la Novela Ideal. Barcelona: Publicaciones de “La Revista Blanca.” 45-47.

  • <– Rocker notes the globalization of capital along with its “trustification,” the formation of monopolies able to “dictate their prices to consumers without them being able to put a stop to such abuse”: “The place of the isolated capitalist is occupied by the trusts and the cartels. Instead of the ‘free competition’ of an earlier day, the dictatorship of the economy is developing more openly today, and the consequences of this development cannot yet be fully imagined” (46-47).

– – – (1927). “La crisis económica actual y sus causas.” [WWW] ”Suplemento Quincenal de la Protesta” 6.274: 452-454.

Sautarel, Jacques (1898). Lueurs économiques. s.l. ??.

  • <–Also published, at some other date, with Quand égorgerons-nous enfin? (by the same author).

Schecter, Darrow (1994). Radical Theories: Paths Beyond Marxism and Social Democracy. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

  • <–Contains some good close analysis of the economic systems proposed by Proudhon, Bakunin, Guillaume, and others.

Schwartman, Jack (2003). “Ingalls, Hanson, and Tucker: Nineteenth-Century American Anarchists.” The American Journal of Economics and Sociology 62.5: 315-342.

  • <–Abstract: “Henry George’s economic policies as viewed by three individualist anarchists. The article compares their respecting views on capital, interest, private appropriation of land, rent, sovereign remedy vs liberty, private property, government, patents, & private enterprise.”

Senador Gómez, Julio (1931). El impuesto y los pobres. Valencia: Estudios.

Senft, Gerhard G. (1990). Weder Kapitalismus noch Kommunismus: Silvio Gesell und das libertäre Modell der Freiwirtschaft. Berlin: Libertad.

Seymour, Henry (1889). An Examination of the Malthusian Theory. London: ??.

Souchy, Agustin (1938). “El Problema Económico de la Revolución.” [WWW] ”Via Libre” 3.69: 2.

Stackelberg, Frédéric (1934). “Égalité économique.” Encyclopédie anarchiste. Ed. Sébastien Faure. Paris: Librairie internationale. 644-645.

Stamm, Ed (2000). “Thoughts on Co-operative Anarchist Economics.” Total Liberty 6: 2-4.

Subtil, Guadalupe (2003). “An-Economics.” Utopia 16: 53-58.

– – – (1996). “Nos meandros da economia subterrânea.” Utopia 3: 25-36.

Tabor, Ron (2008). [WWW] “The Economy and Anarchy.” The Utopian 7: 5-16.

Tancredi, Libero (1912). “Études sur le capitalisme: L’économie féodale.” l’anarchie 377: 1.

Tarrida del Mármol, Fernando (1888). [WWW] “Economía política y economía acrática.” Acracia 3.26: 484-484, 3.27: 518-520, and 3.28: 551.

Tavares, José (1996). “Necessita de dinheiro?” Utopia 3: 37-39.

Tcherkesoff, W[arlaam]. (1911). [WWW] ”Concentration of Capital: A Marxian Fallacy.” London: Freedom Press.

  • <– Translated as “La superstición fatalista de la concentración del capital,” Estudios 113 (1933): 10-12.

Tertrais, Jean-Pierre (2004). Du développement à la décroissance. Paris: Editions du Monde Libertaire.

Tucker, Benjamin R. (1998). Anarchist Economics. Montréal: Red Lion Press.

Urales, Federico [a.k.a. Joan Montseny i Carret], and Augustin Hamon (1924). La abolición del dinero. Asunción: Biblioteca de la Agrupación “El Combate”. <–An important statement of the anarcho-communist critique of economics.

Vanek, Jan (1972). The Economics of Workers’ Management. London: Allen & Unwin.

Vrau, Jules (1853). Proudhon et son système économique. Paris: Ledoyen lib.

Ward, Colin (1997). [WWW] “Anarchist Notebook: Smarter Than Barter.” Freedom Anarchist Fortnightly 58.1: 5.

– – – (1988). “Anarchism and the Informal Economy.” The Raven 1: ??-??. <–Reprinted in Reinventing Anarchy, Again, ed. Howard J. Ehrlich (Edinburgh, Scotland: AK Press, 1996) 221-233.

– – – (1973). [WWW] “A Self-Employed Society [Extract from ”Anarchy in Action”.”]

Wedman, Homme (1992). “Cristiaan Cornelissen: Marxism and Revolutionary Syndicalism.” Die Rezeption der Marxschen Theorie in den Niederlanden. Ed. Marcel van der Linden. Trier: Karl-Marx-Haus. 84-105.

Wenzer, Kenneth C. (1997). “Tolstoy’s Georgist Spiritual Political Economy (1897-1910): Anarchism and Land Reform.” American Journal of Economics & Sociology 56.4: ??-??. <–Abstract: “Following Lev Nikolaevich Tolstoy’s spiritual crisis in the late 1870s many had come to regard him as a ‘crackpot anarchist’ espousing odd ideas such as vegetarianism, nonresistance, and a doctrine of love. The death of his friend Henry George in 1897 spurred him on to renewed endeavors. Tolstoy became the world’s most noteworthy exponent of the American’s ideology, which integrated his previously diffuse commitments. Armed with his universal moral and religious beliefs harmoniously and gently forged with Georgist philosophy, he became the conscience of the world. It was a monumental effort to ground justice in a rational economics and spread enlightenment for the benefit of suffering people.”

White, Richard J., and Colin C. Williams (2017). “Crisis, Capitalism, and the Anarcho-Geographies of Community Self-Help.” Sharing Economies in Times of Crisis: Practices, Politics and Possibilities. Ed. Anthony Ince and Sarah Marie Hall. New York: Routledge. 175-191.

– – – (2012). “The Pervasive Nature of Heterodox Economic Spaces at a Time of Neoliberal Crisis: Towards a ‘Postneoliberal’ Anarchist Future.” Antipode 44.5: 1625-1644.

Zaccaria, Cesare (1949). “Economia e autorità.” Volontà 4.4: 202-203.


Asimakopoulos, John, Anthony J. Nocella, and Deric Shannon, eds. (2012). [WWW] ”The Accumulation of Freedom: Writings on Anarchist Economics.” Edinburgh: AK Press.

  • Contents:Kinna, Ruth. “Preface.” 5-10.Shannon, Deric, Anthony J. Nocella, II, and John Asimakopoulos. “Anarchist Economics: A Holistic View.” 11-41.Part 1 : HistorySpannos, Chris. “Examining the history of anarchist economics to see the future.” 42-63.McKay, Iain. “Laying the foundations : Proudhon’s contribution to anarchist economics.” 64-79.Part 2 : AnalysisShannon, Deric, and Abbey Volcano. “Capitalism in the 2000s.” 80-94.Monaghan, Jeff, and D.T. Cochrane. “Fight to win!: Tools for confronting capital.” 95-116.

    White, Richard J., and Colin C. Williams. “Escaping capitalist hegemony: Rereading Western economies.” 117-139.

    Part 3 : Critique

    Asimakopoulos, John. “Globalized contradictions of capitalism and the imperative for epochal change.” 140-158.

    Hahnel, Robin. “The economic crisis and libertarian socialists.” 159-177.

    Armaline, William T., and William D. Armaline. “Education’s diminishing returns and revolutionary potential in the United States and beyond.” 178-203.

    Part 4 : Practice

    Gordon, Uri. “Anarchist economics in practice.” 204-218.

    Kaltefleiter, Caroline. “Currency and Café Anarchy : Do-it-yourself economics and participatory resistance to global capitalism.” 219-237.

    Part 5 : Resistance

    Trigona, Marie. “Occupy, resist, produce!: Lessons from Latin America’s occupied factories.” 238-253.

    Aguilar, Ernesto. “Call it an uprising : People of Color and the Third World organize against capitalism.” 254-275.

    Part 6 : Vision

    Shannon, Deric. “Chopping off the invisible hand: Internal problems with markets and anarchist theory, strategy, and vision.” 276-290.

    Nappalos, Chris. “Ditching class: The praxis of anarchist communist economics.” 291-312.

    Price, Wayne. “The anarchist method: an experimental approach to post-capitalist economies.” 313-326.


    Albert, Michael. “Porous borders of anarchist vision and strategy.” 327-344.

Lee, Frederic S, and Jon Bekken, eds. (2013). Radical Economics and Labor: Essays Inspired by the IWW Centennial. London: Routledge.

  • Introduction: radical economics and the labor movement | FREDERIC S. LEE, JON BEKKEN
  • Senex’s Letters on Associated Labour and The Pioneer, 1834: a syndicalist political economy in the making | NOEL THOMPSONPeter Kropotkin’s anarchist economics for a new society | JON BEKKENSome notes on anarchist economic thought | MATHEW FORSTATERThe economics of the Industrial Workers of the World: job control and revolution | FREDERIC S. LEEEconomic science and the Left: thoughts on Sraffa’s equations and the efficacy of organized labor | TONY ASPROMOURGOSJohn Kenneth Galbraith’s new industrial state 40 years later: a radical perspective | SPENCER J. PACKA radical critique and alternative to U.S. industrial relations theory and practice | RICHARD MCINTYRE, MICHAEL HILLARDLabor during transition: a radical institutional approach | JOHN MARANGOSOffshore production and global labor arbitrage: a new era of capitalism? | CLAUDE POTTIER

    Financialization, employability and their impacts on the bank workers’ union movement in Brazil (1994–2004) | MARIA ALEJANDRA CAPORALE MADI, JOSÉ RICARDO BARBOSA

Special issues

(2015) [WWW] De AS 193 (Special issue: “Geef, Neem, en Deel” / “Giving, Taking, and Sharing”)

  • de Geus, Marius, and Rymke Wiersma. GEEF, NEEM EN DEEL: Economie anders Geus, Marius. DE DEELECONOMIE: LIBERTAIRE UTOPIE OF KAPITALISTISCHE UITWAS? 3-14.Reinboud, Weia. EVOLUTIE VAN DELEN 15-17.Holterman, Thom. PRODUCEREN ONDER GELIJKEN 18-20.Bervoets, Jan. DEELECONOMIE (Gedicht) 21.Hazekamp, Arie. DE GEBIEDSCOÖPERATIE EN DE REVITALISERING VAN HET PLATTELAND 22-25.Holterman, Thom. DEELECONOMIE: SAMENWERKING HERONTDEKT 26-31.van der Haven, Kornee. ECONOMIE VAN HET ONTHOUDEN (Gedicht) 32.van Arkel, Henk, and Jan van Arkel. MET @NDER GELD 33-40.


    Wiersma, Rymke. NEEM DEEL AAN DE GEEF-ECONOMIE 42-43.

(2010) De AS 169-170




    Polder, Peter. TRANSITION TOWNS

(2003) Utopia 16

  • Editorial – 2José Maria Carvalho Ferreira | Rui Vaz de Carvalho – 6
    Carlos Antonio | O avesso do avesso -10Luciano Lanza | Ajustar as contas com a Economia -15Manuel de Sousa | As Comunidades Experimentais como alternativa ao Capitalismo – 25Maria Carvalho Ferreira | Economia Libertária e suas perspectivas – 35Guadalupe Subtil | “An-Economics” -53Mario Rui Pinto | Economia Alternativa: algumas experiências – 59

    Rexroth | As «Lojas do Tempo» de Josiah Warren – 67

    Guadalupe Subtil | Das paixões humanas “residuais” aos interesses económicos “derivados” – 71

    Manifesto READ | Para acabar de vez com o desenvolvimento – 80

    Quem somos? Manifesto do Movimento Libertário Cubano no Exilio – 83

    Edgar Rodrigues | Tributo ao cidadão do mundo Gilbert René Ledon – 94

    Mária Rui Pinto | Os Obstinados – 97

(2002) Réfractions 9: “Au delà de l’économie, quelles alternatives?”

(1994) De AS 106 (Special issue: “Economie”)

  • Thissen, Siebe. “Economie of de Kolonisering van het Dagelijks Leven.”
  • de Jong, Rudolf. “De Pincode van Kropotkin.”
  • Long, Mike. “Het Succes van Mondragon.”
  • de Geus, Marius. “Naar een Groene Markteconomie?”